India is a country that is famous all over the world for the unity it possesses in spite of its diverse culture. It is a country that celebrates almost every major festival that exists in this world. Festivals of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism and what not. In India, every festival is celebrated with a great deal of excitement and enthusiasm. But, with so many festivals, it is no surprise that it becomes kind of difficult to keep track of every festival. In order to make it easier for you, we have brought Indian calendar of the year 2020 In this calendar, every necessary information about important festivals and government holidays is provided for you.
Structure of Indian Calendar The Indian National Calendar or the Shaka Calendar is designed on the basis of luni-solar calendar as per time. It is divided into 12 months and 365 days like the Gregorian calendar. The first month of Indian National Calendar is called Chaitra and the last month is named Phalgun. Below are the names of the months in the calendar.
It is undoubtedly an advanced version of still existing Indian Solar Calendars. The principle unit of this calendar is the civil day and the era is identified as the Saka era. It is designed in a way that it corresponds the tropical year, also known as Sayana year and not with the traditionally known Sidereal or Nirayana year. The religious holidays in this calendar are decided on the basis of lunisolar calendar which focuses on the positions of Sun and the Moon. Most of the festivals occur on the Lunar tithi (date) while the rest are decided on the basis of Solar tithis. While predicting possible future, and deciding mahurats according to the Vedia Astrology, Lunar calendar is considered as the main element by astrologers. While on the other hand, a Solar Calendar tells the apparent position of the sun in the universe at different points of time. An excellent example of Solar calendar is the Gregorian calendar, which is one of the most popular calendars in the world. .
In the reference table provided below, we have the months of Indian calendar and their respective Gregorian dates. These days are decided on the basis of the position of the sun, as in the Gregorian calendar.
|S. No||Indian Religious Calendar (Solar Month)||Approx. Gregorian Dates|
There are three types of affiliated calendars in India-
As we have already mentioned, the Indian Calendar was officially adopted by the Calendar Reform Committee in 1957, and it was considered as an important and integral part of Nautical Almanac and Indian Ephemeris. It was the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who voiced the requirement and importance of a unified calendar in India. He said that – “They (different calendars) represent past political divisions in the country. Now that we have attained Independence, it is obviously desirable that there should be certain uniformity in the calendar for our civic, social, and other purposes, and this should be done on a scientific approach to this problem.” While making this calendar, it was made prior that it must be free of any kind of religious and regional conflict, which existed in different regional calendars of India. After a survey and proper research, the committee introduced Saka calendar and it was made official on March 22 of the year 1957, according to the Indian calendar, this date is Chaitra 1 of 1879.
The Saka calendar is a tribute to the ancient innovation and ideas of Indian people as it projects the beliefs, cultures and traditions of this great nation. It is followed Internationally by Indians and Hindus living in different countries of the world. Some most popular uses of the Saka calendar are –
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